The world of dolls is not only the world of toys, fantasy, fun but also a crucible of invention and innovation.
Doll makers are constantly looking for something new, cheaper, more realistic or simply unique. They also addressed not only the world of children which are traditionally think of when it comes to toys. They are also designed for adults, collectors, amateurs, and this for a very long time. Since ancient times, dolls were created from various materials, marble, stone, composition, metal, fabric, bone, rubber and corn, the closer we are bisque, porcelain, wax, paper mache , celluloid, rubber, plastic or vinyl. The dolls have walked and talked using techniques clockwork, bellows, springs, strings.
 Doll makers were watching and paying serious attention to inventions around them to try to apply them in a certain way with dolls they planned






The firm A. and Co. Bucherer  Amriswil, Switzerland, did not have otherwise. The industrialization of the first quarter of the 20th century and the progress made by the First World War opened for metals new fields of use other than simple utility.

From 1921 until the 1930s, Bucherer has made such fantastic
metal dolls , patented, fully articulated body, using techniques borrowed from many machines and vehicles.

  This should not surprise us. The Swiss
always have  been far ahead of other artisans to work the difficult parts, mobile, such as those found in clocks, watches and musical boxes. The possibility of joint using metal beads and finely tuned gears is similar to the precision of works for which the Swiss are famous.






Bucherer dolls were advertised as having interchangeable heads. Heads, hands, feets, are made of a material called composition-type with a content of gypsum powder. The features were quite realistic in great detail. Each was hand painted and expressions ranged from one face to another. The head ornaments such as hats and hair pieces were molded and painted.






The represented dolls were often comic figures, military figures, literary celebrities and ordinary people as drivers, maids, cow-boys, police officers and firefighters. These are what we call character dolls. The animals are rare ( see above the pinguin ), but there were. The clothes seem to have been stitched into the doll and are made of cotton or felt. These costumes very realistic show great attention to detail.





During production, the dolls were known as SABA dolls. It is an acronym for Speilwarenfabrik (Toy Factory) Aout ( christian  name Bucherer) Bucherer Amriswil ( Location factory ). Records indicate that two thirds of the dolls were produced for export. America was the largest importer of dolls and Bucherer has benefited from the interest of the United States for celebrities and comic characters. Some of the most popular were Maggie and Jiggs, Happy Hooligan, The Katzenjammer Kids and the actor Charlie Chaplin. Military uniforms very realistic and popular heroes for children, such as firefighters and police officers were also favorites of the American buyer.



The dolls are 16,5 cm (6 1 / 2 inches) to 22 cm (9 inches), perfect size makes them very popular for collectors today.

The "Comics" are the most sought after and prices range from $ 600 to $ 800. For costumes and costume civilians prices range from $ 300 to $ 400 and the animals are sold for about $ 550. The condition of the doll or animal is of course very important and affects the price. When one of these rare dolls can be found in France, prices are raving !



The dolls are marked
"Made in Switzerland Patents Applied For."
Or
 " Made in Switzerland by Amriswil Bucherer & Co."
 embossed on the belly. (See below and cons above).

Amazing, but certainly unique and very useful is something new and well protector. 


 Among the most popular dolls Bucherer figure ... Becassine,  but yes! small muse very French, whose publishing house this comic hit,
Gautier at the time, had filed the patent in 1910 to prevent the inappropriate use of this charming figure known around the world now.
And that we do not really know.


Curiously, as stated in the text above, Bucherer actually found outlets for her dolls and especially in the USA for this small figurine of a comic !
 
Probably he knew it was an inalienable protected (it still is for that matter) and it preferred to cross the border for export.
.

*

In France it is almost unreachable. 

Mrs. Bristol of Sotheby Firm gave me  a clue  when she visited my collection, telling :

" You have not  a Bucherer  Doll ?  "

Since, I get two adorable Becassine, both came from .... Canada.

And I have since filled the gap with even one of their partner " Bucherer Lady Doll  " or "Ethnic Doll" an prety little doll with regional clothes, very lively and quite lovely.


Helene Bugat-Pujol


RETURN
Febr.2011
Any reproduction rights (text and photos)
even partial, rigorously reserved           ©
 
CopyrightFrance.com